Introduction: Helicobacter pylori and some of its virulence factors stimulate human blood mononuclear cells (MNC) in vitro to produce tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2). In this study we investigated the procoagulant-fibrinolytic potential of blood MNC in patients with H. pylori infection. In the same patients we also evaluated the coagulation-fibrinolysis profile in gastric tissue and in plasma. Methods and results: The production of TF and PAI-2 was evaluated in 61 patients with dyspepsia, 31 positive and 30 negative for H. pylori infection. TF expressed by MNC and PAI-2 accumulation in cell culture medium after incubation for 20 h at 37°C were significantly higher in H. pylori(+) than in H. pylori(-) patients and were significantly correlated. TF and PAI-2 content in extracts of gastric mucosa was similar in the two groups whereas lower levels of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and thrombomodulin (TM) antigens were found in the antrum of H. pylori(+) patients. No difference between the groups was observed in plasma thrombus precursor protein, prothrombin fragment 1 + 2, D-dimer, t-PA, PAI-1, TM and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor. Conclusions: H. pylori infection is associated with functional abnormalities of blood MNC resulting in the coordinate expression of TF and antifibrinolytic activity. Changes in cell coagulation-fibrinolysis balance may represent a link between H. pylori infection and ischemic heart disease.
- H. pylori infection
- Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2
- Tissue factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine