Changes in gene expression during the growth arrest of HepG2 hepatoma cells induced by reducing agents or TGFβ1

Andrea Cabibbo, G. Giacomo Consalez, Milena Sardella, Roberto Sitia, Anna Rubartelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The growth of hepatoma cells can be inhibited by treatment with TGFβ1 or with exogenous reducing agents. To gain information on the molecular mechanisms underlying growth arrest, we visualized and compared gene expression profiles of proliferating versus non proliferating HepG2 cells by computer-assisted gene fishing, an improved technique of RNA fingerprinting that allows the selective amplification of coding regions within transcripts. While many transcripts are selectively regulated by either treatment, a set of bands appear to be coordinately regulated by 2ME and TGFβ1, suggesting their possible involvement in the mechanisms of growth arrest. Display tags corresponding to 18 differentially expressed genes were cloned and, in most cases, identified as known genes or, more frequently, as their homospecific/cross-specific homologues. A novel member of the kinesin superfamily was identified amongst the genes induced by both 2ME and TGFβ1. This gene, K1F3C, is upregulated in several cell lines undergoing growth arrest. Taken together, our findings show that computer-assisted gene fishing is a powerful tool for the identification and cloning of genes involved in the control of cell proliferation and indicate that extracellular reducing agents can regulate cell growth through modulation of gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2935-2943
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume16
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 1998

Keywords

  • Cytokeratin K17
  • Placental type alkaline phosphatase
  • Proliferation
  • Redox regulation
  • Redox signalling
  • RNA fingerprinting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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