Changes in heart rate variability associated with moderate alcohol consumption

Antonio Fratini, P. Bifulco, F. Clemente, M. Sansone, M. Cesarelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Technological advances have driven some attempt of vital parameters monitoring in adverse environments; these improvements will make possible to monitor cardiac activity also in automotive environments. In this scenario, heart rate changes associated with alcohol consumption, become of great importance to assess the drivers state during time. This paper presents the results of a first set of experiments aimed to discover heart rate variability modification induced by moderate assumption of alcoholic drink (i.e. single draft beer) as that typically occurs in weekend among some people. In the study, twenty subjects were enrolled and for each of them two electrocardiographic recordings were carried out: the first before alcohol ingestion and the second after 25-30 minutes. Each participant remained fasting until the second ECG acquisition was completed. ECG signal were analyzed by typical timedomain, frequency and non linear analysis. Results showed a small increase in LF/HF ratio which reflects a dominance of the sympathetic system over the parasympathetic system, and an increase in signal complexity as proven by non linear analysis. However, the study highlighted the need to monitor HRV starting from alcohol ingestion until its complete metabolization to allow a more precise description of its variation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIFMBE Proceedings
Pages655-657
Number of pages3
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event13th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2013, MEDICON 2013 - Seville, Spain
Duration: Sep 25 2013Sep 28 2013

Other

Other13th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2013, MEDICON 2013
CountrySpain
CitySeville
Period9/25/139/28/13

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Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart rate variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Fratini, A., Bifulco, P., Clemente, F., Sansone, M., & Cesarelli, M. (2014). Changes in heart rate variability associated with moderate alcohol consumption. In IFMBE Proceedings (Vol. 41, pp. 655-657) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00846-2_162