Changes in number and density of large granular lymphocytes upon in vivo augmentation of mouse natural killer activity

A. Santoni, M. Piccoli, J. R. Ortaldo, L. Mason, R. H. Wiltrout, R. B. Herberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

NK activity of mice as well as humans and rats has been clearly associated with large granular lymphocytes (LGL). To better understand the effects of interferon (IFN) and IFN inducers on natural killer (NK) cells, we have compared the LGL in the spleens of normal and boosted mice. Cells were fractionated by centrifugation on discontinuous Percoll density gradients, and each fraction was tested for NK activity against YAC-1 targets and for the presence of LGL. In vivo treatment with C. parvum (0.7 mg/mouse, i.p., day -3), MVE-2 (25 mg/kg i.p., day -3), poly I:C (4 mg/kg i.p., day -3), or IFN (105 U/mouse, i.p., day -1) resulted in a marked augmentation and a change of distribution of cytototix activity. Most of the NK activity of boosted spleen cells was associated with lower density fractions 1 and 2, whereas active normal spleen cells had somewhat higher density (fractions 2 and 3). In parallel to their increased reactivity, the boosted spleens had a marked increase in the percentage of LGL, particularly in fractions 1 and 2. The augmented activity appeared to be mediated by the LGL, because treatment with anti-asialo GM1 or anti-Thy-1.2 plus complement reduced NK as well as the number of LGL. These results indicate that IFN-mediated boosting of NK activity in the spleen is due to an increase in the lower density LGL, as well as to an increase in the function of preexisting NK cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2799-2810
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume134
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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