Changes in weight, physical and psychosocial patient-reported outcomes among obese women receiving treatment for early-stage breast cancer: A nationwide clinical study

Antonio Di Meglio, Stefan Michiels, Lee W. Jones, Mayssam El-Mouhebb, Arlindo R. Ferreira, Elise Martin, Margarida Matias, Ana Elisa Lohmann, Florence Joly, Laurence Vanlemmens, Sibille Everhard, Anne Laure Martin, Jerome Lemonnier, Patrick Arveux, Paul H. Cottu, Charles Coutant, Lucia Del Mastro, Ann H. Partridge, Fabrice André, Jennifer A. LigibelInes Vaz-Luis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Evidence on how weight loss correlates to health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) among obese breast cancer (BC) patients is limited. We aimed to evaluate associations between weight changes and HRQOL. Methods: We included 993 obese women with stage I-II-III BC from CANTO, a multicenter, prospective cohort collecting longitudinal, objectively-assessed anthropometric measures and HRQOL data (NCT01993498). Associations between weight changes (±5% between diagnosis and post-treatment [shortly after completion of surgery, adjuvant chemo- or radiation-therapy]) and patient-reported HRQOL (EORTC QLQ-C30/B23) were comprehensively evaluated. Changes in HRQOL and odds of severely impaired HRQOL were assessed using multivariable generalized estimating equations and logistic regression, respectively. Results: 14.1% women gained weight, 67.3% remained stable and 18.6% lost weight. Significant decreases in functional status and exacerbation of symptoms were observed overall post-treatment. Compared to gaining weight or remaining stable, obese women who lost weight experienced less of a decline in HRQOL, reporting better physical function (mean change [95%CI] for gain, stability and loss: −12.9 [-16.5,-9.3], −6.9 [-8.2,-5.5] and −6.2 [-8.7,-3.7]; pinteraction[weight-change-by-time] = 0.006), less dyspnea (+18.9 [+12.3,+25.6], +9.2 [+6.5,+11.9] and +3.2 [-1.0,+7.3]; pinteraction = 0.0003), and fewer breast symptoms (+22.1 [+16.8,+27.3], +18.0 [+15.7,+20.3] and +13.4 [+9.0,+17.2]; pinteraction = 0.044). Weight loss was also significantly associated with reduced odds of severe pain compared with weight gain (OR [95%CI] = 0.51 [0.31–0.86], p = 0.011) or stability (OR [95%CI] = 0.62 [0.41–0.95], p = 0.029). No associations between weight loss and worsening of other physical or psychosocial parameters were found. Conclusions: This large contemporary study suggests that weight loss among obese BC patients during early survivorship was associated with better patient-reported outcomes, without evidence of worsened functionality or symptomatology in any domain of HRQOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalBreast
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Health-related quality-of-life
  • Obesity
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Survivorship
  • Weight change
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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