Changes of Body Weight and Body Composition in Obese Patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome at 3 and 6 Years of Follow-Up: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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Abstract

Few short-term studies of weight loss have been performed in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) undergoing metabolic rehabilitation. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 45 adult obese PWS patients undergoing a long-term multidisciplinary metabolic rehabilitation program based on diet and physical activity. Body composition was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 36 (80%) patients. The mean (95% CI) weight change was -3.6 (-7.6 to 0.4, p = 0.08) kg at 3 years and -4.6 (-8.5 to -0.8, p = 0.02) kg at 6 years, and that of BMI was -1.7 (-3.4 to 0.1, p = 0.06) kg/m2 at 3 years and -2.1 (-3.8 to -0.4, p = 0.02) kg/m2 at 6 years. A decrease of about 2% in fat mass per unit of body mass was observed, which is in line with the expectations for moderate weight loss. A possibly clinically relevant decrease in total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was also observed. These long-term results are important for patients with PWS, which is characterized by severe hyperphagia, behavioral disturbances, and cognitive impairment and is generally considered "resistant" to classical weight loss interventions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 8 2020

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