Changes of gait pattern in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A: A 18 months follow-up study

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Abstract

Background: In a previous study we identified 3 different gait patterns in a group of children with CMT1A disease: Normal-like (NL), Foot-drop (FD), Foot-drop and Push-off Deficit (FD&POD). Goal of the present study was to perform a follow-up evaluation of the same group of patients to analyze possible changes of gait features in relation to disease progression or specific therapy. Methods. Nineteen children with CMT1A were evaluated clinically (CMT-Examination Score and Overall Neuropathy Limitation Scale) and through gait analysis 18.2±1.5 months after a baseline evaluation. Meanwhile, 3 of them had foot surgery. Results: Fifteen out of the 16 non-operated patients significantly changed at least one of the two parameters associated to primary signs (FD and/or POD). Eleven participants worsened at least one parameter and 9 improved one parameter. CMTES significantly worsened for the group of non-operated patients. However, there was no change in CMTES score in 4 patients and in ONLS score in 11. At subgroup level, participants originally belonging to NL group showed a trend towards a foot-drop deficit (-15%, ns); FD and FD&POD subgroups did not change their primary signs, although significant changes were identified individually. All 3 patients operated have improved push-off and proximal joint patterns during walking. Clinical scores did not change within any sub-group. Conclusions: Subtle changes occurring in 1.5 year in gait features of CMT1A children can be instrumentally identified. Such changes show a large inter-subject variability, with some patients even improving their walking pattern. There is anecdotal evidence that foot surgery may improve the push-off phase of gait.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Keywords

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Children
  • Follow-up
  • Foot-drop
  • Gait analysis
  • Heel walking
  • Push-off
  • Toe walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Informatics
  • Medicine(all)

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