Changes of muscular sound during sustained isometric contraction up to exhaustion

C. Orizio, R. Perini, A. Veicsteinas

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The sound (SMG) generated by the biceps muscle during isometric exercise at 20, 40, 60, and 80% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) up to exhaustion has been recorded by a contact transducer and integrated (iSMG), together with the surface electromyogram (EMG) in eight young untrained men. At the onset of exercise, iSMG and integrated surface EMG (iEMG) amplitude increased linearly with exercise. iSMG remained constant for 253 ± 73 (SD), 45 ± 16, 21 ± 5, and 0 s at the four levels of contraction. The iSMG increased linearly at 20% MVC, fluctuated at 40% MVC, and decreased exponentially at 60 and 80% MVC. iSMG exhaustion-to-onset ratio was 5.0 at 20%, 1.0 at 40%, and 0.2 at 60 and 80% MVC. On the contrary, independently of exercise intensity, iEMG increased with time, being 1.4 higher at exhaustion than at the onset. The nonunivocal iSMG changes with time and effort of exercise suggest that the sound may be a useful tool to acquire different information to EMG and output force during muscle contraction up to fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1593-1598
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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