Objectives: The goal of this study was to explore the association between changes in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels and risk of hospital admission for heart failure (HF) worsening in patients with chronic HF. Background: The relationship between BNP and NT-proBNP plasma levels and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic HF has been previously demonstrated. However, it is unclear whether changes in BNP and NT-proBNP levels predict morbidity in patients with chronic HF. Methods: The MEDLINE, Cochrane, ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases were searched for papers about HF treatment up to August 2013. Randomized trials enrolling patients with systolic HF, assessing BNP and/or NT-proBNP at baseline and at end of follow-up, and reporting hospital stay for HF were included in the analysis. Meta-regression analysis was performed to test the relationship between BNP and NT-proBNP changes and the clinical endpoint. Sensitivity analysis was performed to assess the influence of baseline variables on results. Egger's linear regression was used to assess publication bias. Results: Nineteen trials enrolling 12,891 participants were included. The median follow-up was 9.5 months (interquartile range: 6 to 18 months), and 22% of patients were women. Active treatments significantly reduced the risk of hospital stay for HF worsening. In meta-regression analysis, changes in BNP and NT-proBNP were significantly associated with risk of hospital stay for HF worsening. Results were confirmed by using sensitivity analysis. No publication bias was detected. Conclusions: In patients with HF, reduction of BNP or NT-proBNP levels was associated with reduced risk of hospital stay for HF worsening.
- B-type natriuretic peptide
- Heart failure
- N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine