Changes of the ganglioside pattern and content in human fibroblasts by high density cell population subculture progression

Mariateresa Sciannamblo, Vanna Chigorno, Alberto Passi, Rea Valaperta, Ileana Zucchi, Sandro Sonnino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we show that the ganglioside content and pattern of human skin fibroblasts change along the process of cell subculture progression by varying the cell density. GM3, GD3 and GD1a were components of the total cell ganglioside mixtures extracted from cells, but GD1a was in all the extracts a minor component or very scant. Other gangliosides present in traces were not characterised. The fibroblast ganglioside content of 52 pools of cells obtained from 5 different cell lines cultured at variable cell density ranged from 2.0 to 13.1 nmoles per mg of cell protein. The molar ratio between GM3 and GD3 varied from 418 to 0.6 in the ganglioside mixtures, as determined by densitometric quantitative analysis after thin layer chromatographic separation. Both the ganglioside content and the GM3/GD3 molar ratio were constant along several passages of subculture progression performed by plating cells collected at confluence. Instead, when the subculture progression was performed by plating cells collected at a few days after reaching confluence, a progressive increase of the ganglioside content was observed. GD3 increased proportionally more than GM3 so that a progressive decrease of the ratio between GM3 and GD3 was observed. In some experiments, GD3 was very scant at the beginning of the progression, while it was near 30% after 5 passages under these conditions. The progressive increase of GD3 along the high density cell population subculture progression was associated to a moderate increase of the mRNA GD3 synthase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalGlycoconjugate Journal
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • Biosynthesis
  • Cell density
  • Gangliosides
  • GD3
  • GD3 synthase
  • Over-expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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