Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence

Miranda A. Farage, Kenneth W. Miller, Enzo Berardesca, Nabil A M Naja, Ghebre E. Tzeghai, Howard I. Maibach

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Age-related changes occur in the function and basic structure of the skin and mucosa. With aging, the skin becomes drier, with more tendency to crack. It also becomes thinner, more fragile, and less resistant to infection. Loss of elasticity leaves it more susceptible to injury, while its ability to repair itself diminishes. Skin aging results in less surface sensory perception, thus, increasing the risk of injuries like pressure ulcers. Estrogen deficiencies brought on by menopause can accelerate the degenerative changes associated with aging. In older individuals suffering from incontinence, occlusion, and exposure to moisture, urine and fecal material can result in a cycle of skin damage resulting in incontinence-associated dermatitis. This chapter reviews age-related changes that occur in the skin and mucosa and the effects of menopause and incontinence on these tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSkin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages209-227
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783662440803, 9783662440797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Skin Aging
Menopause
Skin
Mucous Membrane
Aptitude
Pressure Ulcer
Elasticity
Wounds and Injuries
Dermatitis
Psychological Stress
Estrogens
Urine
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Farage, M. A., Miller, K. W., Berardesca, E., Naja, N. A. M., Tzeghai, G. E., & Maibach, H. I. (2015). Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence. In Skin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues (pp. 209-227). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44080-3_17

Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence. / Farage, Miranda A.; Miller, Kenneth W.; Berardesca, Enzo; Naja, Nabil A M; Tzeghai, Ghebre E.; Maibach, Howard I.

Skin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. p. 209-227.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Farage, MA, Miller, KW, Berardesca, E, Naja, NAM, Tzeghai, GE & Maibach, HI 2015, Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence. in Skin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 209-227. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44080-3_17
Farage MA, Miller KW, Berardesca E, Naja NAM, Tzeghai GE, Maibach HI. Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence. In Skin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2015. p. 209-227 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44080-3_17
Farage, Miranda A. ; Miller, Kenneth W. ; Berardesca, Enzo ; Naja, Nabil A M ; Tzeghai, Ghebre E. ; Maibach, Howard I. / Changes to skin with aging and the effects of menopause and incontinence. Skin, Mucosa and Menopause: Management of Clinical Issues. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. pp. 209-227
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