Chapter 4 c-Abl and Insulin Receptor Signalling

Marco Genua, Giuseppe Pandini, Maria Francesca Cassarino, Rosa Linda Messina, Francesco Frasca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Insulin Receptor (IR) and IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) are homolog but display distinct functions: IR is mainly metabolic, while IGF-IR is mitogenic. However, in some conditions like foetal growth, cancer and diabetes, IR may display some non-metabolic effects like proliferation and migration. The molecular mechanisms underlying this 'functional switch of IR' have been attributed to several factors including overexpression of ligands and receptors, predominant IR isoform expression, preferential recruitment of intracellular substrates. Here, we report that c-Abl, a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase regulating several signal transduction pathways, is involved in this functional switch of IR. Indeed, c-Abl tyrosine kinase is involved in IR signalling as it shares with IR some substrates like Tub and SORBS1 and is activated upon insulin stimulation. Inhibition of c-Abl tyrosine kinase by STI571 attenuates the effect of insulin on Akt/GSK-3β phosphorylation and glycogen synthesis, and at the same time, it enhances the effect of insulin on ERK activation, cell proliferation and migration. This effect of STI571 is specific to c-Abl inhibition, because it does not occur in Abl-null cells and is restored in c-Abl-reconstituted cells. Numerous evidences suggest that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is involved in mediating this c-Abl effect. First, c-Abl tyrosine kinase activation is concomitant with FAK dephosphorylation in response to insulin, whereas c-Abl inhibition is accompanied by FAK phosphorylation in response to insulin, a response similar to that observed with IGF-I. Second, the c-Abl effects on insulin signalling are not observed in cells devoid of FAK (FAK-/- cells). Taken together these results suggest that c-Abl activation by insulin, via a modification of FAK response, may play an important role in directing mitogenic versus metabolic insulin receptor signalling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-105
Number of pages29
JournalVitamins and Hormones
Volume80
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Abl tyrosine kinase
  • Focal adhesion kinase
  • IGF-I receptor
  • Insulin receptor
  • Metabolic effect
  • Mitogenic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology

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