Characteristics, incidence and outcome of patients admitted to intensive care because of pulmonary embolism

D Winterton, Michael Bailey, David Pilcher, G Landoni, Rinaldo Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Background and objective: Despite the clinical significance of major pulmonary embolism (PE), little is known about patients with a presentation severe enough to lead to intensive care unit (ICU) admission and nothing is known about PE requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). We aimed to examine the characteristics, incidence and outcome of patients with PE as their reason for ICU admission. Methods: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of patients admitted to Australia's and New Zealand's ICUs because of PE from 2005 to 2013. We compared survivors with non-survivors and mechanically ventilated with non-ventilated patients. We analysed variations in incidence and mortality over time. Results: We studied 2797 patients. PE accounted for 0.3% of all ICU admissions and had a population incidence of 11 cases/million people/year, which increased significantly during the study period (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-337
Number of pages9
JournalRespirology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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