Characteristics of adult patients with growth hormone deficiency who underwent neurosurgery for functioning and non-functioning pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas

R. Baldelli, A. Bianchi, F. Diacono, M. Passeri, A. Fusco, D. Valle, M. Poggi, M. Terlini, V. Toscano, G. Tamburrano, A. Pontecorvi, G. Maira, L. De Marinis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the characteristics of GH deficiency (GHD) in adult patients after neurosurgery for pituitary adenomas and craniopharingiomas. One hundred and one GHD patients, (42 F/59 M), aged 47.58±14.4 yr (mean±SD; range 21-78), body mass index (BMI) 28.6±0.6, with a history of adult-onset hypothalamic-pituitary disease, were recruited for the study. The whole group included: 45 non-functioning pituitary adenomas, 23 craniopharyngiomas, 16 PRLomas, 8 GHomas, 7 ACTHomas and 2 FSHomas; in particular 51 were macroadenomas and 27 microadenomas. At study entry, GHD diagnosis was carried out by assessing GH secretion after GHRH+arginine. All patients were submitted to the study at least 12 months after neurosurgery and, where needed, subjects were replaced with an appropriate treatment. GHD was mild in 3/101 (3%) and severe in 98/101 patients (97%). Other hormone deficiencies associated with GHD were considered: TSH, ACTH, FSH/LH, ADH. The distribution of peak GH among all patients, according to the type of disease before neurosurgery, showed that patients with Cushing disease were characterized by the presence of higher peak GH. According to the number of additional hormone deficits, the distribution of peak GH among all patients was as follows: GHD was isolated in 4/101 subjects (4%; group A), while it was associated with 1 (14/101, 14%; group B), 2 (22/101, 22%; group C), 3 (44/101, 43%; group D) and 4 hormone deficits (17/101, 16%; group E). GHD was severe in all patients in the panhypopituitaric group. Total IGF-I plasma levels in the whole group of GHD patients were 95.2±4.2 μg/l. In all groups of patients IGF-I was lower in subjects with severe GHD than in those with mild GHD (93.6±4.1 vs 148.6±33.6 μg/l, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • GH deficiency
  • Neurosurgery
  • Pituitary tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics of adult patients with growth hormone deficiency who underwent neurosurgery for functioning and non-functioning pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Baldelli, R., Bianchi, A., Diacono, F., Passeri, M., Fusco, A., Valle, D., Poggi, M., Terlini, M., Toscano, V., Tamburrano, G., Pontecorvi, A., Maira, G., & De Marinis, L. (2005). Characteristics of adult patients with growth hormone deficiency who underwent neurosurgery for functioning and non-functioning pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 28(2), 157-161.