Characterization of a decrease in muscarinic m2 mRNA in cerebellar granule cells by carbachol

P. Longone, I. Mocchetti, M. A. Riva, W. J. Wojcik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies involving carbachol (100 μM) treatment of cerebellar granule cells for 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 hr show a decrease in the mRNA encoding for the muscarinic m2 receptor. The response was transient, decreasing m2 mRNA by 25 to 50% in 6 and 9 hr, respectively. The data presented in this work were quantified by ribonuclease protection assay, using a [32P]-cRNA probe corresponding to nucleotide +1138 to 1650 of the rat m2 muscarinic receptor. Because cerebellar granule cells express muscarinic m2 and m3 receptors, we tested whether the carbachol-mediated decrease in m2 mRNA resulted from a homologous or heterologous activation of muscarinic receptors. At a 1 μM concentration, methoctramine specifically blocked the muscarinic m2 receptor and reversed carbachol's action. These data suggested that carbachol acts via a possible homologous activation of muscarinic m2 receptors. The half-life of the receptor mRNA measured in the presence of actinomycin D with and without carbachol were similar. Because carbachol treatments decrease the steady-state levels of m2 mRNA without changing the half-life of the message, we suggest that a carbachol treatment induces a decrease in the transcription of the gene for the muscarinic m2 receptor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-446
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume265
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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