Human malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by reduced bone resorption by osteoclasts. Biallelic mutations in the TCIRG1 gene, encoding the a3 subunit of the vacuolar proton pump, are responsible for more than one half of ARO patients. However, a few patients with monoallelic mutations have been described, raising the possibility of a dominant-like TCIRG1-dependent osteopetrosis, of a digenic disease, or of peculiar mutations difficult to detect with standard methods. We describe here a novel genomic deletion in the TCIRG1 gene explaining why, in some patients, mutations in only one allele have previously been found. The analysis of a proband from a consanguineous Turkish family allowed us to define the deletion boundaries encompassing introns 10 and 13 and occurring within AluSx repeat sequences, suggesting Alu-mediated homologous recombination as a mechanism. An identical genomic deletion at the heterozygous level was found in four unrelated Italian families in whom only a single mutated allele has previously been found. TCIRG1 haplotype analysis in these five families suggests a possible common ancestral origin for this large deletion. In summary, we describe the identification of a novel penomic deletion in the TCIRG1 gene that is of clinical relevance, especially in prenatal diagnosis.
- Alu repeats
- Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis
- Genomic deletion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism