Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome

Andrew J. Sharp, Rebecca R. Selzer, Joris A. Veltman, Stefania Gimelli, Giorgio Gimelli, Pasquale Striano, Antonietta Coppola, Regina Regan, Sue M. Price, Nine V. Knoers, Peggy S. Eis, Han G. Brunner, Raoul C. Hennekam, Samantha J L Knight, Bert B A de Vries, Orsetta Zuffardi, Evan E. Eichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe multiple individuals with mental retardation and overlapping de novo submicroscopic deletions of 15q24 (1.7-3.9-Mb in size). High-resolution analysis showed that in three patients both proximal and distal breakpoints co-localized to highly identical segmental duplications (>51 kb in length, >94% identity), suggesting non-allelic homologous recombination as the likely mechanism of origin. Sequencing studies in a fourth individual provided base pair resolution and showed that both breakpoints in this case were located in unique sequence. Despite the differences in the size and location of the deletions, all four individuals share several major features (growth retardation, microcephaly, digital abnormalities, hypospadias and loose connective tissue) and resemble one another facially (high anterior hair line, broad medial eyebrows, hypertelorism, downslanted palpebral fissures, broad nasal base, long smooth philtrum and full lower lip), indicating that this represents a novel syndrome caused by haploinsufficiency of one or more dosage-sensitive genes in the minimal deletion region. Our results define microdeletion of 15q24 as a novel recurrent genomic disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-572
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2007

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Lip
Genomic Segmental Duplications
Hypertelorism
Eyebrows
Haploinsufficiency
Microcephaly
Hypospadias
Gene Dosage
Homologous Recombination
Eyelids
Nose
Base Pairing
Intellectual Disability
Connective Tissue
Hair
Growth
15q24 Microdeletion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Sharp, A. J., Selzer, R. R., Veltman, J. A., Gimelli, S., Gimelli, G., Striano, P., ... Eichler, E. E. (2007). Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. Human Molecular Genetics, 16(5), 567-572. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm016

Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. / Sharp, Andrew J.; Selzer, Rebecca R.; Veltman, Joris A.; Gimelli, Stefania; Gimelli, Giorgio; Striano, Pasquale; Coppola, Antonietta; Regan, Regina; Price, Sue M.; Knoers, Nine V.; Eis, Peggy S.; Brunner, Han G.; Hennekam, Raoul C.; Knight, Samantha J L; de Vries, Bert B A; Zuffardi, Orsetta; Eichler, Evan E.

In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 16, No. 5, 01.03.2007, p. 567-572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharp, AJ, Selzer, RR, Veltman, JA, Gimelli, S, Gimelli, G, Striano, P, Coppola, A, Regan, R, Price, SM, Knoers, NV, Eis, PS, Brunner, HG, Hennekam, RC, Knight, SJL, de Vries, BBA, Zuffardi, O & Eichler, EE 2007, 'Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome', Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 567-572. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm016
Sharp AJ, Selzer RR, Veltman JA, Gimelli S, Gimelli G, Striano P et al. Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. Human Molecular Genetics. 2007 Mar 1;16(5):567-572. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm016
Sharp, Andrew J. ; Selzer, Rebecca R. ; Veltman, Joris A. ; Gimelli, Stefania ; Gimelli, Giorgio ; Striano, Pasquale ; Coppola, Antonietta ; Regan, Regina ; Price, Sue M. ; Knoers, Nine V. ; Eis, Peggy S. ; Brunner, Han G. ; Hennekam, Raoul C. ; Knight, Samantha J L ; de Vries, Bert B A ; Zuffardi, Orsetta ; Eichler, Evan E. / Characterization of a recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. In: Human Molecular Genetics. 2007 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 567-572.
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