Four members of an Italian family (two with histories of venous thromboembolism) had a qualitative defect of antithrombin III reflected by normal antigen concentrations and half-normal antithrombin activity with or without heparin. Anti-factor Xa activities were consistently borderline low (about 70% of normal). For the propositus' plasma and serum the patterns of antithrombin III in crossed-immunoelectrophoresis with or without heparin were indistinguishable from those of normal plasma or serum. A normal affinity of antithrombin III for heparin was documented by heparin-sepharose chromatography. Affinity adsorption of the propositus' plasma to human α-thrombin immobilized on sepharose beads revealed defective binding of the antithrombin III to thrombin-sepharose. Hence the molecular defect of this variant appears to be at the active site responsible for binding and neutralizing thrombin, thus accounting for the low thrombin inhibitory activity.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
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