Treatment of mice with Corynebacterium parvum (Cp) resulted in a substantial decrease in natural killer activity in the spleen at 10 days. The decrease in cytotoxicity was associated with the presence of splenic nonadherent (NA) suppressor cells, capable of inhibiting natural as well as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). The nonadherent suppressor cells appeared to be null cells, lacking detectable expression of Thy 1, L3T4 (CD4), Lyt 2 (CDE), or asialo-GM1 and could be physically separated from cells with NK activity by centrifugation on Percoll discontinuos density gradients. Our results indicate that Cp can negatively modulate cytolytic functions of NK cells by inhibiting the effector phase of cytotoxicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis