Characterization of iduronate-2-sulfatase gene-pseudogene recombinations in eight patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II revealed by a rapid PCR-based method

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Various types of complex genetic rearrangements involving the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and its homologous pseudogene (IDS2, IDSP1) have so far been reported as the cause of Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS2 or MPS II; Hunter syndrome). When using conventional mutational analyses, the occurrence in intronic regions of these rearrangements can be misleading. Here, we describe a rapid PCR-based method set up to detect possible gene/pseudogene recombinations among a series of Italian male patients who had negative results in the mutation analysis of the IDS gene. Our approach selected eight unrelated patients showing recombinations. The characterization of the proximal regions containing the breakpoints in the eight patients identified four different rearrangements due to both inversion and conversion events. Comparison of our data with previous publications confirmed that the recombinations between the IDS gene and the IDS2 pseudogene result from separate events, considering their occurrence at different positions within the same "hotspot" genomic region in unrelated patients. The RT-PCR analysis of the available cDNAs pointed out the different effects of similar rearrangements on the expression of the IDS gene. This method can be utilized effectively in the absence of the patients' cDNA, as well as for carrier detection among female family members. This advantageous approach reduces costs, is less time-consuming, and requires a smaller DNA quantity in comparison to the Southern blot hybridization technique often utilized for such complex rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-497
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

Iduronate Sulfatase
Mucopolysaccharidosis II
Pseudogenes
Genetic Recombination
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Genes
Complementary DNA
Southern Blotting
Costs and Cost Analysis
Mutation
DNA

Keywords

  • Carrier detection
  • Gene conversion
  • Hunter syndrome
  • IDS
  • IDS2
  • IDSP1
  • Inversion
  • MPS2
  • Pseudogene
  • Recombination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of iduronate-2-sulfatase gene-pseudogene recombinations in eight patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II revealed by a rapid PCR-based method",
abstract = "Various types of complex genetic rearrangements involving the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and its homologous pseudogene (IDS2, IDSP1) have so far been reported as the cause of Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS2 or MPS II; Hunter syndrome). When using conventional mutational analyses, the occurrence in intronic regions of these rearrangements can be misleading. Here, we describe a rapid PCR-based method set up to detect possible gene/pseudogene recombinations among a series of Italian male patients who had negative results in the mutation analysis of the IDS gene. Our approach selected eight unrelated patients showing recombinations. The characterization of the proximal regions containing the breakpoints in the eight patients identified four different rearrangements due to both inversion and conversion events. Comparison of our data with previous publications confirmed that the recombinations between the IDS gene and the IDS2 pseudogene result from separate events, considering their occurrence at different positions within the same {"}hotspot{"} genomic region in unrelated patients. The RT-PCR analysis of the available cDNAs pointed out the different effects of similar rearrangements on the expression of the IDS gene. This method can be utilized effectively in the absence of the patients' cDNA, as well as for carrier detection among female family members. This advantageous approach reduces costs, is less time-consuming, and requires a smaller DNA quantity in comparison to the Southern blot hybridization technique often utilized for such complex rearrangements.",
keywords = "Carrier detection, Gene conversion, Hunter syndrome, IDS, IDS2, IDSP1, Inversion, MPS2, Pseudogene, Recombination",
author = "Susanna Lualdi and Stefano Regis and {Di Rocco}, Maja and Fabio Corsolini and Marina Stroppiano and Daniela Antuzzi and Mirella Filocamo",
year = "2005",
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pages = "491--497",
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AU - Lualdi, Susanna

AU - Regis, Stefano

AU - Di Rocco, Maja

AU - Corsolini, Fabio

AU - Stroppiano, Marina

AU - Antuzzi, Daniela

AU - Filocamo, Mirella

PY - 2005/5

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N2 - Various types of complex genetic rearrangements involving the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and its homologous pseudogene (IDS2, IDSP1) have so far been reported as the cause of Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS2 or MPS II; Hunter syndrome). When using conventional mutational analyses, the occurrence in intronic regions of these rearrangements can be misleading. Here, we describe a rapid PCR-based method set up to detect possible gene/pseudogene recombinations among a series of Italian male patients who had negative results in the mutation analysis of the IDS gene. Our approach selected eight unrelated patients showing recombinations. The characterization of the proximal regions containing the breakpoints in the eight patients identified four different rearrangements due to both inversion and conversion events. Comparison of our data with previous publications confirmed that the recombinations between the IDS gene and the IDS2 pseudogene result from separate events, considering their occurrence at different positions within the same "hotspot" genomic region in unrelated patients. The RT-PCR analysis of the available cDNAs pointed out the different effects of similar rearrangements on the expression of the IDS gene. This method can be utilized effectively in the absence of the patients' cDNA, as well as for carrier detection among female family members. This advantageous approach reduces costs, is less time-consuming, and requires a smaller DNA quantity in comparison to the Southern blot hybridization technique often utilized for such complex rearrangements.

AB - Various types of complex genetic rearrangements involving the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and its homologous pseudogene (IDS2, IDSP1) have so far been reported as the cause of Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS2 or MPS II; Hunter syndrome). When using conventional mutational analyses, the occurrence in intronic regions of these rearrangements can be misleading. Here, we describe a rapid PCR-based method set up to detect possible gene/pseudogene recombinations among a series of Italian male patients who had negative results in the mutation analysis of the IDS gene. Our approach selected eight unrelated patients showing recombinations. The characterization of the proximal regions containing the breakpoints in the eight patients identified four different rearrangements due to both inversion and conversion events. Comparison of our data with previous publications confirmed that the recombinations between the IDS gene and the IDS2 pseudogene result from separate events, considering their occurrence at different positions within the same "hotspot" genomic region in unrelated patients. The RT-PCR analysis of the available cDNAs pointed out the different effects of similar rearrangements on the expression of the IDS gene. This method can be utilized effectively in the absence of the patients' cDNA, as well as for carrier detection among female family members. This advantageous approach reduces costs, is less time-consuming, and requires a smaller DNA quantity in comparison to the Southern blot hybridization technique often utilized for such complex rearrangements.

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