Characterization of iduronate-2-sulfatase gene-pseudogene recombinations in eight patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II revealed by a rapid PCR-based method

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Abstract

Various types of complex genetic rearrangements involving the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and its homologous pseudogene (IDS2, IDSP1) have so far been reported as the cause of Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS2 or MPS II; Hunter syndrome). When using conventional mutational analyses, the occurrence in intronic regions of these rearrangements can be misleading. Here, we describe a rapid PCR-based method set up to detect possible gene/pseudogene recombinations among a series of Italian male patients who had negative results in the mutation analysis of the IDS gene. Our approach selected eight unrelated patients showing recombinations. The characterization of the proximal regions containing the breakpoints in the eight patients identified four different rearrangements due to both inversion and conversion events. Comparison of our data with previous publications confirmed that the recombinations between the IDS gene and the IDS2 pseudogene result from separate events, considering their occurrence at different positions within the same "hotspot" genomic region in unrelated patients. The RT-PCR analysis of the available cDNAs pointed out the different effects of similar rearrangements on the expression of the IDS gene. This method can be utilized effectively in the absence of the patients' cDNA, as well as for carrier detection among female family members. This advantageous approach reduces costs, is less time-consuming, and requires a smaller DNA quantity in comparison to the Southern blot hybridization technique often utilized for such complex rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-497
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Carrier detection
  • Gene conversion
  • Hunter syndrome
  • IDS
  • IDS2
  • IDSP1
  • Inversion
  • MPS2
  • Pseudogene
  • Recombination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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