Characterization of inhalable, thoracic, and respirable fractions and ultrafine particle exposure during grinding, brazing, and welding activities in a mechanical engineering factory

Ivo Iavicoli, Veruscka Leso, Luca Fontana, Danilo Cottica, Antonio Bergamaschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the emission sources of fine and ultrafine particles (UFPs) during brazing, welding, and grinding in a mechanical engineering factory and to characterize UFP exposure by measuring size distributions, number, and surface area concentrations. METHODS: Samplings lasted 4 hours and were conducted during 5 days using the Grimm 1.109 portable aerosol spectrometer, the Grimm portable NanoCheck™ 1.320, the electrical low pressure impactor, and the nanoparticle aerosol monitor AeroTrak™ 9000. RESULTS: Higher concentrations of fine particles were observed in welding and grinding activities. The highest values of UFP number and alveolar surface area concentrations were detected in the welding booth. CONCLUSIONS: Potential emission sources of fine particles and UFPs can be identified by the multifaceted approach outlined in this study. This sampling strategy provides important data on key UFP metrics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-445
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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