Characterization of insulin degrading activity in subcellular fractions of human monocytes

V. Trischitta, A. Brunetti, L. Benzi, P. Marchetti, R. Vigneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Insulin degrading activity (IDA) was studied in subcellular fractions from homogenized human mononuclear cells. More than 90% (mean ± SD >> 94.1% ± 4.0) of total IDA was found in the soluble fraction (100,000 x g supernatant) of monocytes and it was completely inhibited by protease inhibitors such as Bacitracin (1 mg/ml) and NEM (1 mM). IDA was time-, temperature- and pH-dependent, being completely inhibited at 4°C and being maximal at pH 7.0-7.5; its Km for insulin was 1.9 x 10-7 M. The partially purified insulin degrading enzyme had a molecular weight of 120,000. When A14-125I-insulin was incubated with purified IDA a variety of degradative products were identified by HPLC, in addition to 125I and a small percentage of intact insulin. Different elution patterns were observed after incubating with IDE monoiodinated A19-, B16, and B26-insulin. In conclusion, IDA from human mononuclear cells has characteristics similar to those of other IDA previously reported in typical insulin target tissues. Mononuclear cells therefore represent a suitable model for studying insulin degradation in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-75
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine


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