Characterization of MicroRNA Expression Profiles and Identification of Potential Biomarkers in Leprosy

Karina T O S Jorge, Renan P Souza, Marieta T A Assis, Marcelo G Araújo, Massimo Locati, Amélia M R Jesus, Ida M F Dias Baptista, Cristiano X Lima, Antônio L Teixeira, Mauro M Teixeira, Frederico M Soriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Leprosy is an important cause of disability in the developing world. Early diagnosis is essential to allow for cure and to interrupt transmission of this infection. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important factors for host-pathogen interaction and they have been identified as biomarkers for various infectious diseases. The expression profile of 377 microRNAs were analyzed by TaqMan low-density array (TLDA) in skin lesions of tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy patients as well as skin specimens from healthy controls. In a second step, 16 microRNAs were selected for validation experiments with reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in skin samples from new individuals. Principal-component analysis followed by logistic regression model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to evaluate the diagnostic potential of selected miRNAs. Four patterns of differential expression were identified in the TLDA experiment, suggesting a diagnostic potential of miRNAs in leprosy. After validation experiments, a combination of four miRNAs (miR-101, miR-196b, miR-27b, and miR-29c) was revealed as able to discriminate between healthy control and leprosy patients with 80% sensitivity and 91% specificity. This set of miRNAs was also able to discriminate between lepromatous and tuberculoid patients with a sensitivity of 83% and 80% specificity. In this work, it was possible to identify a set of miRNAs with good diagnostic potential for leprosy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1516-1525
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

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Keywords

  • Adult
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Leprosy
  • MicroRNAs
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium leprae
  • ROC Curve
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Jorge, K. T. O. S., Souza, R. P., Assis, M. T. A., Araújo, M. G., Locati, M., Jesus, A. M. R., Dias Baptista, I. M. F., Lima, C. X., Teixeira, A. L., Teixeira, M. M., & Soriani, F. M. (2017). Characterization of MicroRNA Expression Profiles and Identification of Potential Biomarkers in Leprosy. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 55(5), 1516-1525. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.02408-16