Characterization of phenylketonuria alleles in the Italian population

I. Dianzani, S. Giannattasio, L. De Sanctis, C. Alliaudi, P. Lattanzio, C. Dionisi Vici, A. Burlina, M. Burroni, G. Sebastio, F. Carnevale, V. Guzzetta, E. Marra, C. Camaschella, A. Ponzone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In order to identify the molecular basis of phenylketonuria (PKU) in Italy, we screened the entire coding sequence of the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in 20 Italian PKU patients, whose origins are scattered throughout Italy. The frequency of each identified mutation and of 5 other European mutations was determined within a panel of 92 Italian PKU patients. This approach allowed us to identify 20 different PKU mutations and characterize 64% of the Italian PKU chromosomes. Eleven mutations (IVS10nt546, L48S, R158Q, R261Q, P281L, R261X, R252W, ΔT55, IVS7nt1, IVS12nt1, Y414C) represent 55.4% of the Italian PKU alleles, the most common mutations being IVS10nt546 (12.4%) and L48S (9%). All the other mutations are very rare. These data confirm the great heterogeneity expected from previous RFLP haplotype studies. Genotype/phenotype correlation allowed for assessment of the clinical impact of the 20 identified mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-302
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1995


  • Genotype/phenotype correlation
  • Phenylalanine hydroxylase
  • Phenylketonuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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