The anticancer drug adriamycin binds iron and these complexes cycle to reduce molecular oxygen. Optical absorption, EPR, and Moessbauer spectroscopic data are correlated with polarographic O2 consumption and chemical Fe2+ extraction measurements in order to characterize each step in this cycle. Fe3+ binds to adriamycin at physiologic pH forming a complex with an optical absorbance maximum at 600 nm. EPR signals at g=4.2 and g=2.01, and a doublet Moessbauer spectrum with isomer shift δ=0.57 mm/s and quadrupole splitting ΔE(Q)=0.74 mm/s are observed indicating that the Fe3+ bound to adriamycin is high spin S=5/2. Under anaerobic conditions the absorbance maximum at 600 nm decreases with an exponential decay constant = 0.77 h-1, and the EPR and Moessbauer spectra of Fe3+-adriamycin similarly decrease as the Fe3+ is reduced to EPR silent Fe2+. The Fe2+-adriamycin complex which is formed exhibits a Moessbauer spectrum with δ=1.18 mm/s and ΔE(Q)=1.82 mm/s indicative of high spin Fe2+. As the EPR spectra of Fe3+-adriamycin decrease on reduction of the Fe3+ to Fe2+ a signal of the oxidized adriamycin free radical appears at g=2.004 with line width of 8 G. On exposure to O2 the absorption maximum at 600 nm, the Fe3+ EPR, and the Fe3+ Moessbauer spectra all return. Polarographic measurements demonstrate that O2 is consumed and that H2O2 is formed. Addition of high affinity Fe2+ chelators block O2 consumption indicating that Fe2+ formation is essential for O2 reduction. This cycle of iron-mediated O2 reduction can explain the formation of the reactive reduced oxygen and adriamycin radicals which are thought to mediate the biological activity of adriamycin.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas