To determine the properties of the cAMP-specific, rolipram-sensitive phosphodiesterases (cAMP-PDEs) that are expressed in different organs, monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies were raised against different epitopes present in the cAMP-PDE sequences. Of the several antibodies generated against peptides and fusion proteins, one monoclonal and four polyclonal antibodies recognized both the native cAMP-PDEs as well as the denatured proteins on Western immunoblot analysis. An immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated that these antibodies recognized the recombinant rat PDE4A, PDE4B, and PDE4D proteins with different avidity. The polyclonal antibody K118 and the monoclonal M3S1 were most specific for rat PDE4B and PDE4D forms, respectively, whereas the AC55 antiserum displayed the highest affinity for PDE4A forms. This selectivity was confirmed by Western blot analysis using recombinant rat PDE4A, PDE4B, and PDE4D proteins expressed in a heterologous system. These antibodies were used to characterize the cAMP- PDEs expressed in the rat brain. An immunoblot of extract of cortex and cerebellum demonstrated that at least seven different polypeptides specifically cross-reacted with the different antibodies, indicating that multiple cAMP-PDEs are expressed in this tissue. On the basis of cross- reactivity with PDE4D but not PDE4A or PDE4B antibodies, 93- and 105-kDa PDE4D species were detected in the cortex and cerebellum extract. These forms are different from the 68-kDa PDE4D form expressed in endocrine cells after hormonal stimulation. Although the 93-kDa form was recovered in both the soluble and particulate fractions, the 105-kDa polypeptide was mostly particulate in the cortex and cerebellum extracts. PDE4B forms of 90-87 kDa were recovered in both soluble and particulate compartments of the brain extract. These forms were different from the previously identified PDE4A variants of 110 and 75 kDa. These data demonstrate that the presence of multiple cAMP-PDE genes is translated into cAMP-PDE proteins of different sizes and distinct immunological properties and that multiple variants derived from these cAMP-PDE genes are expressed in different regions of the brain and different subcellular compartments. These immunological tools will be useful to identify different cAMP-PDE forms expressed in organs targeted for pharmacological intervention with PDE4 inhibitors.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1998|
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