Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of polymorphic variants of EBV BamHI fragment Z (BZLF1) promoter zone Zp in tumor and non-tumor-associated EBV. We characterized the Zp region in type A and type B EBV, infecting AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) and non-malignant lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive patients and from healthy individuals. Methods: The Zp region was directly sequenced in 133 EBV-positive DNA samples: 63 AIDS-NHL (32 systemic AIDS-NHL and 31 AIDS-primary central nervous system lymphoma [AIDS-PCNSL]), 30 lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive individuals and 40 lymphoid samples derived from healthy individuals. The chi square test was used to assess for statistically significant differences among proportions, and a two-tailed P value ≤0.05 was chosen as statistically significant. Results: We found three polymorphic Zp variants: Zp-P, considered to be the prototype sequence; Zp-V3, that differs from Zp-P for three nucleotide substitutions; and a new variant, Zp-PV, that differs from Zp-P for a single nucleotide substitution. Zp-V3 was significantly associated with AIDS-PCNSL (P <0.001) and with systemic AIDS-NHL (P = 0.007), in particular with AIDS-related immunoblastic lymphoma (P <0.001). Moreover, in malignant samples, this variant was also significantly associated with type B EBV (P <0.001). Finally, the new identified Zp-PV variant was isolated in 7 AIDS-PCNSL. Conclusions: The frequency of polymorphisms in the regulatory zone of BZLF1 is different between malignant and non-malignant samples in AIDS patients and may identify EBV subtypes with different transforming activities, including those associated to the pathogenesis of B cell lymphoma.
- Epstein-Barr virus, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
- Primary central nervous system lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases