Objective: This work aims to expand knowledge regarding the genetic spectrum of HSPB1-related diseases. HSPB1 is a gene encoding heat shock protein 27, and mutations in HSPB1 have been identified as the cause of axonal Charcot–Marie–Tooth (CMT) disease type 2F and distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN). Methods: Two patients with axonal sensorimotor neuropathy underwent detailed clinical examinations, neurophysiological studies, and next-generation sequencing with subsequent bioinformatic prioritization of genetic variants and in silico analysis of the likely causal mutation. Results: The HSPB1 p.S135F and p.R136L mutations were identified in homozygosis in the two affected individuals. Both mutations affect the highly conserved alpha-crystallin domain and have been previously described as the cause of severe CMT2F/dHMN, showing a strictly dominant inheritance pattern. Interpretation: Thus, we report for the first time two cases of biallelic HSPB1 p.S135F and p.R136L mutations in two families.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology