CHA2DS2-VASc score stratifies mortality risk in heart failure patients aged 75 years and older with and without atrial fibrillation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: During the last decade, the CHA2DS2-VASc score has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes in several cardiovascular (CV) and non-cardiovascular diseases beyond atrial fibrillation (AF). Whether the CHA2DS2-VASc score stratifies mortality risk in elderly patients with AF and without AF is not well established. Methods: All consecutive patients aged ≥ 75 yrs hospitalized due to heart failure (HF), between January 2020 and November 2020, were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent physical examination, blood tests, electrocardiography and conventional transthoracic echocardiography. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality, while secondary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality + rehospitalizations for all causes over mid-term follow-up. Results: The study included 261 HF patients (86.3 ± 6.4 years, 60.5% females). 85 AF and 176 non-AF patients were separately analyzed. Compared to non-AF patients, those with AF had significantly higher CHA2DS2-VASc score (5.6 ± 1.4 vs 5.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.007) and lower ejection fraction (47.4 ± 16.5 vs 56.7 ± 15.1%, p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 1.7 ± 0.5 yrs. During follow-up, 96 patients died (58.3% due to CV causes) and 79 were rehospitalized (58.2% due to CV causes). CHA2DS2-VASc score was independently associated with all-cause mortality in whole study population (HR 1.61, 95% CI 1.36–1.92) and in both AF (HR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09–1.82) and non-AF patients (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.40–2.40). CHA2DS2-VASc score also predicted the secondary endpoint in the same study groups. CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 5 was the best cut-off value for predicting both outcomes. Conclusion: At mid-term follow-up, a CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 5 predicts increased risk of all-cause mortality and re-hospitalizations for all causes in elderly HF patients, regardless of AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1707-1720
Number of pages14
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • CHADS-VASc score
  • Elderly
  • Heart failure
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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