CHD2 mutations are a rare cause of generalized epilepsy with myoclonic-atonic seizures

Marina Trivisano, Pasquale Striano, Jacopo Sartorelli, Lucio Giordano, Monica Traverso, Patrizia Accorsi, Simona Cappelletti, Dianela Judith Claps, Federico Vigevano, Federico Zara, Nicola Specchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chromodomain helicase DNA-. binding protein 2 (CHD2) gene mutations have been reported in patients with myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE), as well as in patients with Lennox-Gastaut, Dravet, and Jeavons syndromes and other epileptic encephalopathies featuring generalized epilepsy and intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of CHD2 mutations in a series of patients with MAE.Twenty patients affected by MAE were included in the study. We analyzed antecedents, age at onset, seizure semiology and frequency, EEG, treatment, and neuropsychological outcome. We sequenced the CHD2 gene with Sanger technology.We identified a CHD2 frameshift mutation in one patient (c.4256del19). He was a 17-year-old boy with no familial history for epilepsy and normal development before epilepsy onset. Epilepsy onset was at 3. years and 5. months: he presented with myoclonic-atonic seizures, head drops, myoclonic jerks, and absences. Interictal EEGs revealed slow background activity associated with generalized epileptiform abnormalities and photoparoxysmal response. His seizures were highly responsive to valproic acid, and an attempt to withdraw it led to seizure recurrence. Neuropsychological evaluation revealed moderate intellectual disability.Chromodomain-. helicase-. DNA-. binding protein 2 is not the major gene associated with MAE. Conversely, CHD2 could be responsible for a proper phenotype characterized by infantile-onset generalized epilepsy, intellectual disability, and photosensitivity, which might overlap with MAE, Lennox-Gastaut, Dravet, and Jeavons syndromes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-56
Number of pages4
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Doose syndrome
  • Generalized epilepsy
  • Genetic epilepsy
  • Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy
  • Photosensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

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