Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments with and without Electropolishing after Cleaning Procedures with Sodium Hypochlorite

Antonio Bonaccorso, Edgar Schäfer, Guglielmo Guido Condorelli, Giuseppe Cantatore, Teresa Roberta Tripi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this study was to chemically analyze rotary nickel-titanium instruments with and without electropolishing after cleaning procedures with NaOCl. To evaluate the effect of 5.25% NaOCl on electropolished RaCe instruments, a total of 18 instruments were tested. A control group of 18 nonelectropolished RaCe instruments was used. The surface of each instrument was analyzed before and after cleaning in NaOCl by using energy dispersive x-ray analysis, Auger electron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Surface defects were recorded, and a χ2 test was used for statistical analysis. After immersion in NaOCl, the nonelectropolished and electropolished files showed a significant increase of iron deposits as a result of galvanic corrosion of the shaft (P <.05). The nonelectropolished files showed marked presence of NaCl deposits in the machining marks and microcracks. As regards the chemical nature of the surface, the electropolished files had an oxide increase compared with the low oxide concentration (mainly TiO2) before cleaning. The nonelectropolished files already possessed higher oxides concentration (TiO2 and NiO) before NaOCl cleaning. NaOCl treatment affects the chemical composition of the surface and, in particular for nonelectropolished instruments, of the bulk exposed through machining marks and fabrication microcracks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1395
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endodontics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008



  • Corrosion
  • micro-cracks
  • RaCe
  • sodium hypochlorite
  • surface defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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