Human lymphocyte CD4 becomes undetectable in the presence of exogenous gangliosides (CD4 masking), as originally described by Offner et al. (J. Immunol. 1987. 139: 3295). CD4 masking is apparently due to in situ rearrangement of the glycoprotein; since no direct binding of ganglioside to CD4 could be demonstrated, it was suggested that the effect could be mediated by interactions with other, as yet unidentified, surface structures. To gain insight into the structural requirements of the interaction(s) that leads to CD4 masking, we assayed the effects of a battery of gangliosides and of ganglioside derivatives on (a) CD4 masking; (b) cholera toxin binding (as a well known ganglioside-protein interaction) and (c) inhibition of lymphocyte mitogenic proliferation (as a second ganglioside interaction with a lymphocytic surface target). Our results indicate that the three interactions are distinctly different, since ganglioside chemical groups which are essential for one of the interactions are irrelevant for the others, and lead to the conclusion that gangliosides can interact with lymphocyte surface targets in a number of ways, causing a number of independent biological effects.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
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