PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of chemoembolization (CHE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with a cirrhotic liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with cirrhosis and 33 HCC nodules received a mean of 2.4 cycles of CHE before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Iodized oil plus doxorubicin (13 patients) or mitoxantrone (eight patients) was injected into the hepatic artery. Twelve (57%) of the patients underwent terminal embolization with gelatin sponge pledgets. After OLT, the percentage of tumor necrosis was assessed in each HCC nodule. RESULTS: Twelve (36%) of 33 HCC nodules responded completely to CHE (necrosis > 90%). Successful treatment was statistically significantly related to nodular diameter greater than 2 cm (P = .03), solitariness (P = .0009), hypervascularity (P = .001), and good retention of iodized oil (P = .05). Seven (33%) of the patients had major complications; no death occurred in association with CHE. All patients survived OLT; in three patients (14%), HCC recurred a median of 21 months after OLT. CONCLUSION: CHE seems to be an effective treatment for HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis who await OLT.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1994|
- Arteries, chemotherapeutic embolization
- Liver neoplasms, blood supply
- Liver, interventional procedure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology