Chemoendocrine compared with endocrine adjuvant therapies for node-negative breast cancer: Predictive value of centrally reviewed expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors - Onternational Breast Cancer Study Group

Giuseppe Viale, Meredith M. Regan, Eugenio Maiorano, Mauro G. Mastropasqua, Rastko Golouh, Tiziana Perin, Robert W. Brown, Anikó Kovács, Komala Pillay, Christian Öhlschlegel, Stephen Braye, Piergiovanni Grigolato, Tiziana Rusca, Richard D. Gelber, Monica Castiglione-Gertsch, Karen N. Price, Aron Goldhirsch, Barry A. Gusterson, Alan S. Coates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To centrally assess estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) levels by immunohistochemistry and investigate their predictive value for benefit of chemo-endocrine compared with endocrine adjuvant therapy alone in two randomized clinical trials for node-negative breast cancer. Patients and Methods: International Breast Cancer Study Group Trial VIII compared cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) chemotherapy for 6 cycles followed by endocrine therapy with goserelin with either modality alone in pre- and perimenopausal patients. Trial IX compared three cycles of CMF followed by tamoxifen for 5 years versus tamoxifen alone in postmenopausal patients. Central Pathology Office reviewed 883 (83%) of 1,063 patients on Trial VIII and 1,365 (82%) of 1,669 on Trial IX and determined ER and PgR by immunohistochemistry. Disease-free survival (DFS) was compared across the spectrum of expression of each receptor using the Subpopulation Treatment Effect Pattern Plot methodology. Results: Both receptors displayed a bimodal distribution, with substantial proportions showing no staining (receptor absent) and most of the remainder showing a high percentage of stained cells. Chemo-endocrine therapy yielded DFS superior to endocrine therapy alone for patients with receptor-absent tumors, and in some cases also for those with low levels of receptor expression. Among patients with ER-expressing tumors, additional prediction of benefit was suggested in absent or low PgR in Trial VIII but not in Trial IX. Conclusion: Low levels of ER and PgR are predictive of the benefit of adding chemotherapy to endocrine therapy. Low PgR may add further prediction among pre- and perimenopausal but not postmenopausal patients whose tumors express ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1404-1410
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

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    Viale, G., Regan, M. M., Maiorano, E., Mastropasqua, M. G., Golouh, R., Perin, T., Brown, R. W., Kovács, A., Pillay, K., Öhlschlegel, C., Braye, S., Grigolato, P., Rusca, T., Gelber, R. D., Castiglione-Gertsch, M., Price, K. N., Goldhirsch, A., Gusterson, B. A., & Coates, A. S. (2008). Chemoendocrine compared with endocrine adjuvant therapies for node-negative breast cancer: Predictive value of centrally reviewed expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors - Onternational Breast Cancer Study Group. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26(9), 1404-1410. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2007.10.6393