Chemoradiation with concomitant boost followed by radical surgery in locally advanced cervical cancer: A dose-escalation study

Numa Cellini, Daniela Smaniotto, Giovanni Scambia, Stefano Luzi, Mario Balducci, Gabriella Ferrandina, Barbara Corvari, Pasquale A. Margariti, Vincenzo Valentini, Giuseppe D'Agostino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: Aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of an accelerated fractionation radiotherapy by concomitant boost in locally advanced cervical cancer patients, to explore the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of radiation through a dose-escalation scheme, and to verify if increasing the radiation dose would result in a higher rate of pathologic complete response. METHODS:: During the first and the last week of treatment, a combination of cisplatin (20 mg/mq/d, IV, days 1-4) and 5-fluorouracil (1 g/mq/d, continuous venous infusion, days 1-4) was administered. The dose escalation of external radiotherapy was delivered on the primary tumor, using the concomitant boost technique (CB, 90 cGy per fraction), delivering 3 different dose levels: (1) 1 weekly boost for a total dose of 4320 cGy; (2) 2 weekly boosts, total dose 4680 cGy; (3) 3 weekly boosts, total dose of 5040 cGy. RESULTS:: Eighteen patients were submitted to a radiochemotherapeutic schedule of 3960 cGy in 22 fractions on pelvic lymph nodal stations. The MTD of radiation was not reached, being the only toxicities registered neutropenia G3 (n = 4), thrombocytopenia G3 (n = 1), stomatitis G3 (n = 1), diarrhea G3 (n = 2) easily managed. Six weeks after the end of radiochemotherapy, 17 patients were submitted to radical surgery, and are therefore evaluable for pathologic response. Among them, 15 complete remissions (88.2%, including 3 microscopical partial response), 1 partial response (5.9%), and 1 progression (5.9%) have been observed. CONCLUSIONS:: These results demonstrate, even if in a small study, that this regimen of concurrent chemoradiation followed by radical surgery is well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-284
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Concomitant boost
  • Neoadjuvant chemoradiation
  • Pathologic response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)

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