Chemoradiation with concomitant boosts followed by radical surgery in locally advanced cervical cancer: Long-term results of the ROMA-2 prospective phase 2 study

Gabriella Ferrandina, Antonietta Gambacorta, Valerio Gallotta, Daniela Smaniotto, Anna Fagotti, Luca Tagliaferri, Elvira Foti, Francesco Fanfani, Rosa Autorino, Giovanni Scambia, Vincenzo Valentini

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Abstract

Purpose: This prospective, phase 2 study aimed at assessing the efficacy of accelerated fractionation radiation therapy by concomitant boosts (CBs) associated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT) of the whole pelvis, in improving the rate of pathological complete response (pCR) to treatment in patients with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB2-IVA locally advanced cervical cancer.

Methods and Materials: Neoadjuvant CRT included conformal irradiation of the whole pelvis with a total dose of 39.6 Gy (1.8 cGy/fraction, 22 fractions), plus additional irradiation of primary tumor and parametria with 10.8 Gy administered with CBs (0.9 cGy/fraction, 12 fractions, every other day). Concomitant chemotherapy included cisplatin (20 mg/m2, days 1-4 and 26-30 of treatment), and capecitabine (1300 mg/m2/daily, orally) during the first 2 and the last 2 weeks of treatment. Radical hysterectomy plus pelvic with or without aortic lymphadenectomy was performed within 6 to 8 weeks from CRT. Toxicity was recorded according to Radiation Therapy Oncology Group toxicity criteria and Chassagne grading system. Based on the Simon design, 103 cases were required, and the regimen would be considered active if >45 pCR were registered (α error = 0.05; β error = 0.1).

Results: pCR was documented in 51 cases (50.5%), and the regimen was considered active, according to the planned statistical assumptions. At median follow-up of 36 months (range: 7-85 months), the 3-year local failure rate was 7%, whereas the 3-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 73.0% and 86.1%, respectively. Grade 3 leukopenia and neutropenia were reported in only 1 and 2 cases, respectively. Gastrointestinal toxicity was always grade 1 or 2.

Conclusions: Addition of CBs in the accelerated fractionation modality to the whole pelvis chemoradiation followed by radical surgery results in a high rate of pathologically assessed complete response to CRT and a very encouraging local control rate, with acceptable toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)778-785
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)

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    Ferrandina, G., Gambacorta, A., Gallotta, V., Smaniotto, D., Fagotti, A., Tagliaferri, L., Foti, E., Fanfani, F., Autorino, R., Scambia, G., & Valentini, V. (2014). Chemoradiation with concomitant boosts followed by radical surgery in locally advanced cervical cancer: Long-term results of the ROMA-2 prospective phase 2 study. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 90(4), 778-785. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.07.033