Chemotherapy of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A comparison of three active regimens. A randomized trial of the Italian oncology group for clinical research (G.O.I.R.C.)

L. Crinò, M. Clerici, F. Figoli, P. Carlini, G. Ceci, E. Cortesi, A. Carpi, A. Santini, F. Di Costanzo, C. Boni, M. Meacci, E. Corgna, S. Darwish, L. Scarcella, A. Santucci, E. Ballatori, M. Tonato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is generally considered the most active treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. The combination of cisplatin and etoposide had for some time been the standard treatment at our center. Of the other active regimens, cisplatin in combination with mitomycin-C, vindesine or ifosfamide (MVP or MIC) showed the highest response rates. We decided to perform a comparative trial of the three 'best' regimens in order to define a possible standard regimen in advanced NSCLC. Materials and methods: From May 1989 to April 1992, 393 consecutive, previously untreated NSCLC patients, stages TUB and IV, were randomized to receive either cisplatin (120 mg/sqm day 1) + etoposide (100 mg/sqm days 1-3) every 3 weeks (PE) or cisplatin (120 mg/sqm every 4 weeks) + mitomycin-C (8 mg/sqm days 1-29-71) + vindesine (3 mg/sqm days 1-8-15-22) (MVP) or cisplatin (120 mg/sqm day 1) + mitomycin-C (6 mg/sqm day 1) + ifosfamide (3 mg/ sqm day 2) every 3 weeks (MIC). Of these, 382 were evalable for survival and 360 for response. Results: Response rates were statistically higher for both MIC (40%) and MVP (36%) than for the PE arm (23%). Survival estimates analyzed by the log-rank test showed a significant benefit (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995

Keywords

  • Advanced NSCLC
  • Cisplatin-based chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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