Chest wall resection and reconstruction for locally recurrent breast cancer: From technical aspects to biological assessment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in the industrialized countries. The incidence of local recurrences after mastectomy and breast-conserving therapy varies between 5% and 40% depending on risk factors and primary therapy. Methods: From April 1999 to April 2011, 40 patients underwent chest wall resection and reconstruction for locally recurrent breast carcinoma with chest wall invasion. The main goal of surgery was local disease control to palliate clinical symptoms. Results: Local radical resection was achieved in 26 patients (65%). One, 2 and 5 year overall survival rates were 94.4%, 82.0% and 68.5%; 1, 2 and 5 year disease-free survival rates were 94.4%, 73.6% and 45.5% respectively.Univariate analysis indicated age (p = 0.002) and synchronous distant metastases (p = 0.020) as factors having a negative impact on overall survival; multivariate analysis disclosed age (p = 0.052) and synchronous metastases (p = 0.059) as factors with a slight negative impact on overall survival. Older age was associated with improved overall survival.Univariate analysis indicated synchronous distant metastases (p = 0.029) and the need of post resectional additional treatments (p = 0.022) as factors adversely conditioning disease-free survival or time to progression; multivariate analysis disclosed the need of post resectional additional treatments (p = 0.036) as the only factor adversely conditioning disease-free survival or time to progression. Conclusions: Chest wall resection and reconstruction for locally recurrent breast cancer is a feasible and safe procedure providing adequate local disease control and an excellent palliation of very disabling symptoms in a selected group of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalSurgeon
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Chest wall reconstruction
  • Chest wall resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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