Children sustaining a severe acquired brain lesion before age 3 years: a follow-up study at 1 year from insult

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Purpose: To describe the functional and cognitive outcome of acquired brain injury of different aetiologies in children before age 3 years, at initial hospitalization and at a 1-year follow-up, after a rehabilitation programme. Method: Data were collected at 6 months and at 12 months from the event; cognitive data were collected as soon as possible at T1. The full sample was divided into three groups according to aetiology. Results: At T0, 74 patients showed so severe a cognitive impairment that they could not be evaluated, others presented with motor, linguistic and cognitive deficits. At T1, the proportion of non-evaluable patients decreased to 58 children. Patients with anoxic lesions showed the most unfavourable motor and visual outcome; patients with infectious lesions showed most frequently a motor global delay. Conclusions: At 1 year from insult about 50% of patients could undergo a cognitive evaluation. Improvement differed according to aetiology.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Injury
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018

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Brain
Linguistics
Brain Injuries
Hospitalization
Rehabilitation
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • Acquired brain injuries
  • follow-up study
  • outcome research
  • preschool children
  • rehabilitation

Cite this

@article{39062d27ee0d498780bb346716b3119e,
title = "Children sustaining a severe acquired brain lesion before age 3 years: a follow-up study at 1 year from insult",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2018, {\circledC} 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Purpose: To describe the functional and cognitive outcome of acquired brain injury of different aetiologies in children before age 3 years, at initial hospitalization and at a 1-year follow-up, after a rehabilitation programme. Method: Data were collected at 6 months and at 12 months from the event; cognitive data were collected as soon as possible at T1. The full sample was divided into three groups according to aetiology. Results: At T0, 74 patients showed so severe a cognitive impairment that they could not be evaluated, others presented with motor, linguistic and cognitive deficits. At T1, the proportion of non-evaluable patients decreased to 58 children. Patients with anoxic lesions showed the most unfavourable motor and visual outcome; patients with infectious lesions showed most frequently a motor global delay. Conclusions: At 1 year from insult about 50{\%} of patients could undergo a cognitive evaluation. Improvement differed according to aetiology.",
keywords = "Acquired brain injuries, follow-up study, outcome research, preschool children, rehabilitation",
author = "Monica Recla and Susanna Galbiati and Valentina Pastore and Katia Colombo and Alessandra Bardoni and Francesca Formica and Sandra Strazzer",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/02699052.2018.1539763",
language = "English",
journal = "Brain Injury",
issn = "0269-9052",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",

}

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T1 - Children sustaining a severe acquired brain lesion before age 3 years: a follow-up study at 1 year from insult

AU - Recla, Monica

AU - Galbiati, Susanna

AU - Pastore, Valentina

AU - Colombo, Katia

AU - Bardoni, Alessandra

AU - Formica, Francesca

AU - Strazzer, Sandra

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - © 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Purpose: To describe the functional and cognitive outcome of acquired brain injury of different aetiologies in children before age 3 years, at initial hospitalization and at a 1-year follow-up, after a rehabilitation programme. Method: Data were collected at 6 months and at 12 months from the event; cognitive data were collected as soon as possible at T1. The full sample was divided into three groups according to aetiology. Results: At T0, 74 patients showed so severe a cognitive impairment that they could not be evaluated, others presented with motor, linguistic and cognitive deficits. At T1, the proportion of non-evaluable patients decreased to 58 children. Patients with anoxic lesions showed the most unfavourable motor and visual outcome; patients with infectious lesions showed most frequently a motor global delay. Conclusions: At 1 year from insult about 50% of patients could undergo a cognitive evaluation. Improvement differed according to aetiology.

AB - © 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Purpose: To describe the functional and cognitive outcome of acquired brain injury of different aetiologies in children before age 3 years, at initial hospitalization and at a 1-year follow-up, after a rehabilitation programme. Method: Data were collected at 6 months and at 12 months from the event; cognitive data were collected as soon as possible at T1. The full sample was divided into three groups according to aetiology. Results: At T0, 74 patients showed so severe a cognitive impairment that they could not be evaluated, others presented with motor, linguistic and cognitive deficits. At T1, the proportion of non-evaluable patients decreased to 58 children. Patients with anoxic lesions showed the most unfavourable motor and visual outcome; patients with infectious lesions showed most frequently a motor global delay. Conclusions: At 1 year from insult about 50% of patients could undergo a cognitive evaluation. Improvement differed according to aetiology.

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KW - follow-up study

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KW - preschool children

KW - rehabilitation

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