Chitotriosidase in patients with acute ischemic stroke

Stefano Sotgiu, Rita Barone, Bastianina Zanda, Giannina Arru, M. Laura Fois, Antonello Arru, Giulio Rosati, Bianca Marchetti, Salvatore Musumeci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Following an acute brain ischemia, local endothelia allow monocyte chemoattraction into the lesion site which contributes to brain damage through a group of neurotoxic factors. A relationship exists between the extent of brain damage and the plasma level of monocyte products, including chitotriosidase, though usually strictly related to preexisting infectious-inflammatory diseases. Purpose: Since chitotriosidase activity is also elevated in pathogen-free conditions, we tested whether chitotriosidase upregulation might be specifically related to stroke and unrelated to clinically relevant infectious diseases. Methods: We studied the plasma level of chitotriosidase activity, TNF-α and IL-6 in 44 consecutive patients with acute brain ischemia without concomitant symptoms or signs of inflammatory-infectious diseases. Results were compared with stroke severity and outcome as detected by brain CT and NIH scale. Blood samples were collected, on average, 11 h after stroke onset. Results: Chitotriosidase activity positively correlates with stroke severity, as measured by NIH scale (r = 0.69, p <0.01), to the extent of brain damage as documented by CT (r = 0.75, p ≤ 0.001) and the TNF-α level (r = 0.76, p <0.001); it also inversely correlates with the IL-6 level (r = -0.43, p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: Our results indicate that chitotriosidase is a specific marker of macrophage activation occurring in stroke which directly correlates with stroke severity independently of preexisting inflammatory or infectious conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-153
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Neurology
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Chitotriosidase
  • Interleukin 6
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Tumor necrosis factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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