In the present study we investigated the effect of the compound chlorocresol on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Three different systems that have been shown to express the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ channel were chosen, i.e., skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, cerebellar microsomes, and PC12 cells. In skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, 4-chloro-m-cresol was found to be a potent activator of Ca2+ release mediated by a ruthenium red/caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ release channel. In cerebellar microsomes, this compound released Ca2+ from an inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-insensitive store, suggesting that there too it was acting at the ryanodine receptor level. When tested on PC12 cells, chlorocresol released Ca2+ from a caffeine- and thapsigargin-sensitive intracellular store. In addition, the compound was capable of releasing Ca2+ after pretreatment of PC12 cells with bradykinin, suggesting that it acts on a channel contained within an intracellular Ca2+ store that is distinct from that sensitive to inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate. Structure-activity relationship analyses suggest that the chloro and methyl groups in chlorocresols are important for the activation of the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channel.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1993|
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