Choline and nicotine increase glioblastoma cell proliferation by binding and activating α7- and α9- containing nicotinic receptors

Susanna Pucci, Francesca Fasoli, Milena Moretti, Roberta Benfante, Simona Di Lascio, Paola Viani, Antonio Daga, Thomas J. Gordon, Michael McIntosh, Michele Zoli, Francesco Clementi, Cecilia Gotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastomas (GBMs), the most frequent and aggressive human primary brain tumours, have altered cell metabolism, and one of the strongest indicators of malignancy is an increase in choline compounds. Choline is also a selective agonist of some neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes. As little is known concerning the expression of nAChR in glioblastoma cells, we analysed in U87MG human grade-IV astrocytoma cell line and GBM5 temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma cells selected from a cancer stem cell-enriched culture, molecularly, pharmacologically and functionally which nAChR subtypes are expressed and,whether choline and nicotine can affect GBM cell proliferation. We found that U87MG and GBM5 cells express similar nAChR subtypes, and choline and nicotine increase their proliferation rate and activate the anti-apoptotic AKT and pro-proliferative ERK pathways. These effects are blocked by the presence of non-cell-permeable peptide antagonists selective for α7- and α9-containing nicotinic receptors. siRNA-mediated silencing of α7 or α9 subunit expression also selectively prevents the effects of nicotine and choline on GBM cell proliferation. Our findings indicate that nicotine and choline activate the signalling pathways involved in the proliferation of GBM cells, and that these effects are mediated by α7 and α9-containing nAChRs. This suggests that these nicotinic receptors may contribute to the aggressive behaviour of this tumor and may indicate new therapeutic strategies against high-grade human brain tumours.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105336
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • AKT1 and ERK1/2
  • Gene silencing
  • Glioblastoma cell lines
  • Neuronal nicotinic receptors
  • Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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