Chondroitin-4-sulfate protects high-density lipoprotein against copper- dependent oxidation

Riccardo Albertini, Giancarlo De Luca, Alberto Passi, Remigio Moratti, Peter M. Abuja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the effect of chondroitinsulphate (CS), the major glycosaminoglycan of the arterial wall, on the oxidation of human high- density lipoprotein (HDL) by kinetic analysis. Chondroitin-4-sulfate (C4S) increased the lag time and reduced the maximum rate of HDL oxidation induced by Cu2+, as assessed by monitoring both conjugated diene formation and low- level chemiluminescence. On the contrary, chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S) was ineffective. Dermatansulfate exhibited an inhibitory effect comparable to that of C4S. C4S protected also the protein moiety of HDL, as it reduced tryptophan destruction by lipid-oxidizing species and delayed the formation of fluorescent adducts between end products of lipid peroxidation and amino acid residues. Again, C6S was ineffective. C4S was able to bind Cu2+; this resulted in less Cu2+ available for HDL oxidation and likely represented the mechanism of the protective effect. Neither C4S nor C6S affected HDL oxidation by peroxyl radicals, indicating that free radical scavenging activity was not involved in the protective effect. These results suggest that C4S might prevent the oxidative modification of HDL in arterial wall, thus preserving its antiatherogenic potential for reverse cholesterol transport and, possibly, for clearance of oxidized lipids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume365
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 1999

Keywords

  • Chondroitinsulfate
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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