Corea: Malattia reumatica o lupus eritematoso sistemico?

Translated title of the contribution: Chorea: Rheumatic fever or systemic lupus erythematosus?

F. Cuoco, M. Torcoletti, A. Petaccia, F. Corona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chorea is a manifestation of inflammatory involvement of the basal ganglia and caudate nucleus of the central nervous system. A patient with chorea presents with persistent involuntary, purposeless, and usually symmetric movements of the extremities and muscular incoordination. Chorea occurs in approximately 5% of paediatric patients with SLE; it is almost universally associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibody. Chorea is not considered to be one of the neurological criteria in the diagnosis of SLE; it may be a presentation of SLE or appear in course of the disease. In the case presented, a child with chorea was treated with oral penicillin for the risk of rheumatic fever, even though there was neither a history of streptococcal infection nor were the required diagnostic criteria available. Chorea was a first sign of SLE in the child. It is very important to include SLE in differential diagnosis of chorea, to make timely diagnosis and to begin appropriate therapy.

Translated title of the contributionChorea: Rheumatic fever or systemic lupus erythematosus?
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)109-110
Number of pages2
JournalMedico e Bambino
Volume33
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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  • Cite this

    Cuoco, F., Torcoletti, M., Petaccia, A., & Corona, F. (2014). Corea: Malattia reumatica o lupus eritematoso sistemico? Medico e Bambino, 33(2), 109-110.