Choroidal melanoma metastasized to the ovary: Case report and review of the literature

V. D. Mandato, B. Kobal, A. Di Stefano, J. Sinkovec, A. Levicnik, G. B. La Sala, S. Rakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Malignant melanoma metastases to the female genital tract in only 2.5% of cases. Melanoma is characterized by clinical variability and unpredictable biological behavior with long remissions and relapses that develop rapidly. Case and review: A 57-year-old woman was admitted for hypogastric pain and weight loss. She had presented enucleation of the right eye six years before for malignant choroid melanoma. Gynaecological examination revealed enlarged ovaries. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, hysterectomy, and omentectomy were performed. Final pathology diagnosed a choroidal metastatic melanoma (CMM). The patient died seven months later. Only seven cases of CMM have been reported in the literature. Patients affected by CMM ranged in age from 38 to 83 years (median 51.2 years), the time to relapse ranged from 3-25 years (median 51.2 years), the size of the cysts ranged from 4-17 cm (median 9.7 cm) and the survival period ranged from 2-14 months (median 8.1 months). Conclusion: Malignant melanoma is misdiagnosed because of lack of discriminatory symptoms, increased tumor markers, characteristic imaging findings and the capacity to mimic other tumors. Today CMM still represents a challenge for gynecologic oncologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-113
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Volume31
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Choroidal melanoma
  • Diagnosis
  • Metastasis
  • Ovary
  • Staging
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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    Mandato, V. D., Kobal, B., Di Stefano, A., Sinkovec, J., Levicnik, A., La Sala, G. B., & Rakar, S. (2010). Choroidal melanoma metastasized to the ovary: Case report and review of the literature. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology, 31(1), 109-113.