Chromogranin A (CHGA) is a secretory protein stored in and released from neurons and cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. Cells of the adrenal medulla and adrenergic terminals are a main source of CHGA but also myocardial cells produce it under stress conditions. After secretion, CHGA is cleaved into several biologically active fragments, including vasostatins and catestatin. CHGA and its proteolytic peptides exert a broad spectrum of activities on the cardiovascular system. They act on blood pressure by controlling the vascular tone and the cardiac inotropic and chronotropic function. CHGA revealed to be a sensitive marker of myocardial dysfunction, with a high predictive power of morbidity and mortality in heart failure and ischemic heart disease. In addition, CHGA has been involved in the control of sustained endothelial inflammation and has been shown to be a good marker of persistent vascular inflammation in rheumatologic disorders affecting vessels.
- chromogranin A
- heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine