Chromogranin A and B and secretogranin II in prostatic adenocarcinomas: Neuroendocrine expression in patients untreated and treated with androgen deprivation therapy

Giancarlo Pruneri, Stefano Galli, Roberta S. Rossi, Massimo Roncalli, Guido Coggi, Angelo Ferrari, Alchiede Simonato, Antonio G. Siccardi, Nadia Carboni, Roberto Buffa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Neuroendocrine (NE) expression in prostatic adenocarcinomas (PACs) has been related to an adverse clinical course, but the reported data are not unequivocal. METHODS. We immunostained a series of 64 PACs with three monoclonal antibodies raised against chromogranin A (CgA), chromogranin B (CgB), and secretogranin II (SgII). The patients were followed up for 18-88 months (mean 43 months, standard deviation ± 20 months); 58 of them received preoperative androgen deprivation therapy for 3-6 months. RESULTS. Of the 64 PACs under study, 39 (≃61%) were immunoreactive to CgA, 51 (≃80%) to CgB, and 38 (≃59%) to SgII. We found a strict correlation between pronounced neuroendocrine differentiation and the most poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.01 for CgA, P = 0.03 for CgB, and P = 0.05 for SgII), and relationship (approaching statistical significance only for CgB, P = 0.07) between Cgs/Sg expression and advanced (C and D) clinical stage. However, we failed to detect any correlation between chromogranin expression and clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS. These results suggest that NE differentiation is a frequent event in PACs, especially in the most poorly differentiated. Nevertheless, as Cgs/Sg expression is not clearly related to advanced clinical stage and poor prognosis, our findings suggest that clinical staging and grading, rather than NE differentiation, remain the most powerful prognostic indicators in PACs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalProstate
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1998

Keywords

  • Chromogranin A
  • Chromogranin B
  • Prognosis
  • Prostatic adenocarcinomas
  • Secretogranin II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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