Background: This study aims to identify clinical and surgical risk factors for chronic chest pain and paresthesia after video thoracoscopic surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods: We retrospectively collected the data of 1,178 consecutive patients <40-years-old undergoing video thoracoscopic surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in 9 Italian centers in 2007-2017. Cases with <2-month follow-up were excluded, leaving 920 patients [80% male; median age: 21 (IQR, 18-27) years] for statistical analysis. The following risk factors for chronic chest pain and chronic paresthesia were assessed by univariable and multivariable Cox regression model: age, gender, cannabis smoking, video thoracoscopy ports number, pleurodesis technique (partial pleurectomy/pleural electrocauterization/pleural abrasion/talc poudrage), chest tube size (24/28 F), postoperative chest tube stay. Results: Blebs/bullae resection with pleurodesis was performed in 732 (80%) cases; pleurodesis alone in 188 (20%). During a median follow-up of 68 (IQR: 42-95) months, chronic chest pain developed in 8% of patients, chronic chest paresthesia in 22%; 0.5% of patients regularly assumed painkillers. Chronic chest pain was independently associated with partial pleurectomy/pleura abrasion (P<0.001) and postoperative chest tube stay (P=0.019). Chronic chest paresthesia was independently associated with pleurodesis by partial pleurectomy (P<0.001), chest tube stay (P=0.035) and 28 F chest tube (P<0.001). Conclusions: After video thoracoscopic surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax, the incidence of chronic chest pain and paresthesia was significantly lower when pleurodesis was performed by pleural electrocauterization or talc poudrage, and chest tube was removed early. A 24 F chest tube was associated with lower risk of chronic chest paresthesia.
- Chronic chest pain
- Chronic chest paresthesia
- Primary spontaneous pneumothorax
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine