Chronic 'locked-in' syndrome: Psychological study of a case

Stefano F. Cappa, Carlo Pirovano, Luigi A. Vignolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe a 31-year-old man who has been living in a 'locked-in' condition for the past 12 years. Extensive testing, using both the patient's residual eye movements and a writing apparatus, showed preserved cognitive abilities in spite of the long-standing de-efferentation. The emotional consequences of this condition are discussed in relation with the results of personality testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Neurology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1985


  • Communication aids
  • De-efferentation
  • Locked-in syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology


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