OBJECTIVES: Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare non-infectious bone inflammatory disorder; when multifocal, it is referred to as Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO). This study evaluates the demographic, clinical and radiological characteristics of a multi-centre cohort of patients with CNO/CRMO. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data of patients with an established diagnosis of CNO/CRMO followed at paediatric rheumatology centres across Europe (Italy, France, Slovenia) and India were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: There were no demographic differences across countries, but time to diagnosis was significantly longer in India (p=0.041). Pain was almost invariably present at disease onset; functional impairment was more frequent among Italian and Slovenian patients (p=0.001). The number of sites of bone involvement was similar between genders and countries, with long bone metaphises being the most common site. Raised acute phase reactants, detected in >50% of patients, were not associated with clinical manifestations or response to treatment. Comorbidities, evinced in 37% of patients, were equally distributed between genders and nationalities. Imaging approach was similar across countries, without any association between radiological findings and clinical manifestations. NSAIDs were almost invariably used as first-line treatment, but response rate was significantly lower in Italy (p=0.02). Methotrexate was used in 28% of case, with an overall rate of response of 82%. Health conditions and rate of permanent deformities were similar across different countries. CONCLUSIONS: The differences in clinical presentation, radiological features and response to treatment described in this multinational cohort of CNO/CRMO might provide novel insights into this still elusive disease.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy